The Causes, Symptoms, and Relief for TMJ Disorders


Temporomandibular joint disorders, commonly known as TMJ or TMD, affect the complex system of muscles, bones, and joints connecting your lower jaw to your skull. This joint is responsible for the movement of your jaw, allowing you to chew, speak, and yawn. When something goes wrong with the TMJ, it can result in pain, discomfort, and limited jaw movement.

That said, if you’re dealing with TMJ disorders, you’re in the right place. We will explore the causes, symptoms, and potential ways to find relief from TMJ disorders:

Causes of TMJ Disorders

The exact causes of TMJ disorders are often challenging to determine, as various factors may play a role. However, some potential causes and risk factors are:

1. Trauma or Injury

A direct blow or impact to the jaw, head, or neck may cause damage to the TMJ, leading to a disorder.

2. Bruxism

Clenching or grinding your teeth, often during sleep, can put excessive stress on the TMJ and cause a disorder.

3. Arthritis

Inflammatory and degenerative joint diseases, such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, can affect the TMJ and cause pain and discomfort.

4. Dental Issues

Misaligned teeth or an improper bite may cause extra stress on the TMJ, leading to a disorder.

5. Stress

High levels of stress can lead to muscle tension and jaw clenching, which may contribute to the development of a TMJ disorder.

6. Genetics

Some people may have a genetic predisposition to developing TMJ disorders.

Symptoms of TMJ Disorders

TMJ disorders can present with a wide range of symptoms, which may vary in intensity and duration. Some common symptoms include:

  • Pain or tenderness in the jaw, especially near the joint area.
  • Difficulty or discomfort while chewing.
  • Aching or throbbing pain around the ear, which may sometimes be mistaken for an ear infection.
  • Facial pain or swelling.
  • Headaches or migraines.
  • Stiffness or difficulty opening and closing the mouth, sometimes accompanied by a clicking or popping sound.
  • A feeling of the jaw being “stuck” or “locked” in a particular position.
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears) or changes in hearing.

Keep in mind that said symptoms don’t directly mean you have TMJ. However, they can be signs pointing to the possibility of TMJ disorders. We recommend reaching out to a doctor should you find these symptoms occurring, especially if they don’t seem to go away after some time.

Finding Relief from TMJ Disorders

Treatment options for TMJ disorders may vary depending on the severity and underlying cause of the condition. Some potential ways to find relief from TMJ pain and discomfort include:

1. Self-Care Measures

Practicing good posture, eating soft foods, applying ice or heat packs, and avoiding extreme jaw movements can help alleviate symptoms.

2. Stress Management

Techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, and physical activity can help reduce stress and muscle tension, potentially alleviating TMJ symptoms.

3. Oral Appliances

A dentist may recommend a custom-made mouth guard or splint to help prevent teeth grinding and clenching, reducing pressure on the TMJ.

4. Physical Therapy

Exercises and stretches targeting the jaw muscles can help improve joint mobility and relieve pain.

5. Medication

Over-the-counter pain relievers, anti-inflammatory medications, or muscle relaxants may be recommended to help manage symptoms.

6. Injections

In some cases, corticosteroid injections or Botox injections may be used to alleviate pain and inflammation in the TMJ.

7. Surgery

Lastly, in severe cases where conservative treatments fail to provide relief, surgical intervention may be necessary. This can include arthrocentesis, arthroscopy, or open joint surgery.


TMJ disorders can significantly impact your daily life, causing pain and discomfort while performing routine tasks like eating and speaking. Fortunately, understanding the potential causes and symptoms of TMJ disorders can help you seek appropriate treatment and find relief. That said, if you suspect you may be suffering from a TMJ disorder, consult with your healthcare provider or dentist to discuss your symptoms and determine the best course of action for your individual needs.

If you are looking for the best dentist in Sudbudy, MA, visit Sudbury Dental Arts. We offer a range of services, including general, cosmetic, and restorative dentistry, to our patients in a cozy and welcoming environment. Don’t hesitate to set up an appointment with us today!



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